Ndeup

In Senegal, there is a traditional healing ceremony called ndeup. It is a ritual communal practice of the Lebu people that treats depression. Ndeup is connected to agriculture and uses livestock and grains in the ceremony. It is also intensely musical and movement based. A person being treated will first have their senses overwhelmed by immediate proximity to certain animals, a blindfold, and intense rhythmic drumming performed around them. The blindfold is then removed, and they are invited to dance. The dancing at this stage may be openly viewed by members of the community. Then the person being treated ritually interacts with certain animals. Depression is thought of as spirits that have entered the unwell person. The person chants requesting these spirits to leave them, saying that they will not forget the spirits. After this, they wash. And then the community dances together.